Given their huge size, Oscars need a rather large aquarium and loads of water to survive. They can weigh around two pounds and have a fairly good lifespan of up to twelve years.
So, how many gallons of water does an oscar fish need? Baby oscars need at least 30 gallons of water per fish. However, a 75-gallon tank would be ideal for a single adult oscar fish.
A commonly preferred minimum tank size among the Oscar-loving community is a 55-gallon tank. But experienced aquarists and pet shop owners suggest that a 75-gallon fish tank is ideal for an adult Oscar.
Tank Sizes for More Than one Oscar
Oscars are somewhat lonesome creatures and can happily survive alone in a tank, but if you are planning to get a pair so they can either mate or just give each other company, you need a tank that can cater to both their needs.
If you want the fish to get along, an ideal tank size would be a 175-gallons and should measure about 6 feet by 2 feet. But it doesn’t stop there. For three Oscars, you would require at least a 200-gallon capacity. A 200-gallon tank can also host 4 Oscars, but that would be the minimum size for holding that number of fish.
Apart from these ideal sizes, no matter how many Oscars you are planning to get, you should buy the biggest possible tank that you can easily house and afford in your budget. You do need to bear in mind that the minimum sizes mentioned require the maximum amount of effort and care for the fish.
The bigger the space is, the lesser aggression the fish will reflect. But if you can’t house or afford a bigger one and are willing to put in the effort, then you might opt for the minimum size required for a particular number of ocars.
We have discussed the right amount of water and space needed but these aren’t the only things that an Oscar needs to ensure its survival. Here are a few things you need to keep in mind.
Maintaining the Water Temperature
Oscars need a water temperature that replicates their natural habitat for long-term survival.
So, despite their large tank size, getting an aquarium heater is a must. The temperature of the heater should be set so that it maintains a water temperature between 74 and 81 degrees Fahrenheit.
Water temperatures that are any lower or higher can damage the internal organs of your Oscar, leaving it susceptible to incurable fatal diseases.
Remember that exposure to warm water for longer periods of time can damage the nerves and heart of the fish. While water with very low temperature can leave the Oscar with a hampered immune system.
Therefore, it is important that you maintain the water temperature and water levels in the fish tank if you want to ensure a healthy life for your Oscar.
Oscars are messy creatures that excrete a lot, messing up the aquarium water.
While the water in bigger tanks (75 gallons) can survive the dirt for over a week, the smaller tanks (55 gallons) need to be cleaned at least once every week.
To keep the water and aquarium clean, you need to change a minimum of 15 percent of the water on a weekly basis for the small-sized tanks. This needs to be done in a way that all the waste which is left unprocessed by the tank filter is also removed. On the other hand, the bigger tank requires the same process, but every 12 to 15 days. If a regular cleaning cycle is not followed, the water can become toxic.
To properly maintain your tank, you also need a high-quality filter. Many people who own large fish tanks usually install multiple smaller filters to reduce the time and effort spent in maintaining them. This only staggers the process of filter maintenance.
You need to understand that the filter that you install should have the capacity to filter your complete fish tank.
Are Oscars Territorial in Nature? Oscars are known to claim areas of the tank. They usually live in their defined territory and do not prefer community living or sharing their space with other fish. They also tend to get aggressive if their territory is raided by other Oscars or different species of fish. They are predators and often eat their smaller tank mates. But this does not mean that other fish cannot live in the tank with Oscars.
What Other Fishes Can Live & Be Tank Mates with Oscars? As we mentioned above, the Oscars prefer to live alone and are predators in nature. They can coexist with some species of fish. Some of the fish that can easily survive with Oscars include Firemouth, Jack Dempsey and Black Convicts. To put it simply, they can live with fish that are comparable to their size or are bigger.
Do Oscar Fish Eggs Cultivate In Captivity? Oscar eggs seldom survive in their natural habitat with only a few of them maturing into young adults as they often eat their own eggs. But they have shown better conversion rates in fish tanks. In order for the eggs to hatch, you need to make sure the parent pair doesn’t get stressed or they will end up eating the eggs. A better option is to move the fertilized eggs to a different rearing tank. Fertilized eggs are usually light brown in color and are laid on clean rocks which makes them a bit tricky to identify.
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